Criminal Law in Texas


Criminal law in Texas deals with offenses against the state, ranging from misdemeanors to felonies. The legal process involves arrest, charges, trials, and sentencing, with specific rights and procedures for defendants.


1. What are the classifications of crimes in Texas?

   Crimes are classified into misdemeanors and felonies. Misdemeanors are less severe offenses, while felonies are more serious and carry heavier penalties.

2. What should I do if I’m arrested in Texas?

   If arrested, remain calm, exercise your right to remain silent, and request an attorney immediately. Do not discuss your case with law enforcement without legal counsel.

3. What is bail, and how is it set?

   Bail is money paid to secure a defendant’s release before trial. The court sets the amount based on factors such as the severity of the offense and the defendant’s criminal history.

4. What are my rights if I’m charged with a crime?

   You have the right to remain silent, the right to an attorney, the right to a fair trial, and protection against self-incrimination and double jeopardy.

5. How does the criminal trial process work in Texas?

   The process includes arraignment, pre-trial motions, trial, and sentencing. During the trial, the prosecution must prove the defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

6. Can a criminal record be expunged in Texas?

   Some criminal records can be expunged or sealed, depending on the nature of the offense and the case’s outcome. An attorney can help determine eligibility.

7. What is a plea bargain?

   A plea bargain is an agreement between the defendant and the prosecution where the defendant pleads guilty to a lesser charge in exchange for a reduced sentence.